Where can I use a JAPAN RAIL PASS?

1. Transportation services

The JAPAN RAIL PASS is valid for the railways, buses, and ferry boats shown below.

Railways:
All JR Group Railways-Shinkansen"bullet trains" (except any reserved or non-reserved seat on “NOZOMI”and”MIZUHO”trains) limited express trains, express trains, and rapid or local trains. (With some exceptions)

*From October 21, 2010, the JAPAN RAIL PASS can be used for the Tokyo monorail.
*From December 4, 2010, for the section of the Aoimori Railway Line between Aomori and Hachinohe, the JAPAN RAIL PASS can be used in the following limited cases: the case where the passenger transits through the section between Aomori Station to Hachinohe Station without getting off the train anywhere in that section and the case where the passenger changes to the Ominato Line at Noheji Station. (However, passengers using a train with sleeper cars must pay the Aoimori Railway Line fares and charges.)

Buses:
Local lines of JR bus companies (JR Hokkaido Bus, JR Bus Tohoku, JR Bus Kanto, JR Tokai Bus, West Japan JR Bus, Chugoku JR Bus, JR Shikoku Bus, JR Kyushu Bus) and some of JR highway bus services*.

* Sapporo-Otaru; Morioka-Hirosaki; Tokyo-Nagoya, Kyoto, Osaka,Tsukuba Center; Nagoya-Kyoto, Osaka; Osaka-Tsuyama, Kasai Flower Center.

Ferry:
Only the JR Miyajima ferry is covered. The JR Hakata-Pusan (Korea) ferry is not covered.

Important notes:
The JAPAN RAIL PASS is not valid for any seats, reserved or non-reserved, on “NOZOMI” and “MIZUHO” trains on the Tokaido, Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen lines. (The pass holders must take “HIKARI,” “SAKURA,” “KODAMA,” or “TSUBAME” trains.) If you use a “NOZOMI” or “MIZUHO” train, you must pay the basic fare and the limited express charge, and for a Green Car the Green Car surcharge. In addition, if you use the GranClass car on the “HAYABUSA” train of the Tohoku Shinkansen, you must pay the limited express charge and the GranClass car surcharge.

Note also that passengers using JR trains on non-JR lines must pay additional fares and charges for sections traveled on such lines. Some JR trains use the lines of private railways for direct services.

What are Tokaido, Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen?

- Tokaido,Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen connect Tokyo and Kagoshima-Chuo (on Kyushu Island). via Nagoya, Kyoto, Osaka, Hakata and Kumamoto.
- There are six types of train services. "NOZOMI", "MIZUHO", "HIKARI", "SAKURA", "KODAMA" and "TSUBAME", and the stations at which trains stop varies with train types.
- The JAPAN RAIL PASS is valid for travel on "HIKARI", "SAKURA", "KODAMA" or "TSUBAME" trains. It is not valid for any seats, reserved or non-reserved on "NOZOMI" and "MIZUHO" trains.
- If you use a "NOZOMI" or "MIZUHO"train, you must pay the basic fare and the limited express charge separately.

What are Tokaido, Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen?

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【Major JR Trains Running Through Non-JR Lines and the Sections Concerned】

Train Main route Section requiring separate fares and charges Private railway company involved
Odoriko, Super View Odoriko Shinjuku, Tokyo - Izukyu-Shimoda Between Ito and Izukyu-Shimoda Izu Kyuko
Tokyo - Shuzenji Between Mishima and Shuzenji Izuhakone Railway
Nikko, Spacia Nikko Shinjuku - Tobu Nikko Between Kurihashi and Tobu Nikko Tobu Railway
Kinugawa, Spacia Kinugawa Shinjuku - Kinugawa Onsen Between Kurihashi and Kinugawa Onsen
Hakutaka Echigo Yuzawa - Kanazawa Between Muikamachi and Saigata Hokuetsu Express
Wide View Nanki Nagoya - Shingu Between Kawarada and Tsu Ise Tetsudo
Hashidate, Tango Discovery Kyoto - Amanohashidate, Toyooka Between Fukuchiyama and Toyooka Kitakinki Tango Railway
Monju, Tango Explorer Shin- Osaka - Amanohashidate,Toyooka
Super Hakuto Kyoto - Tottori, Kurayoshi Between Kamigori and Chizu Chizu Express
Nanpu, Shimanto, Ashizuri Okayama,Takamatsu,Kochi - Nakamura,Sukumo Between Kubokawa and Sukumo Tosa Kuroshio Railway
Hokutosei, Cassiopeia Ueno - Sapporo Between Morioka and Metoki IGR Iwate Ginga Railway
Hokutosei, Cassiopeia Ueno - Sapporo Between Metoki and Aomori Aoimori Railway

*For the section of the Aoimori Railway Line between Aomori and Hachinohe, the JAPAN RAIL PASS can be used in the following limited cases: the case where the passenger transits through the section between Aomori Station to Hachinohe Station without getting off the train anywhere in that section and the case where the passenger changes to the Ominato Line at Noheji Station. (However, passengers using a train with sleeper cars must pay the Aoimori Railway Line fares and charges.)

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2. Train accommodations

- Most JR trains have Ordinary Cars (coach class) while many long-distance trains also offer Green Cars (superior class). With a Green-type JAPAN RAIL PASS you can use either class, while with an Ordinary-type JAPAN RAIL PASS you can use only Ordinary Cars without paying an additional charge. Refer to the table below for details.
- The cars with "O"can be used with JAPAN RAIL PASS.
- Use of the cars with "*" requires paying additional charges.
- There are no Green Cars on most HIKARI and KODAMA trains on the Sanyo Shinkansen line (Shin-Osaka, Hakata), or on TSUBAME trains on the Kyushu Shinkansen line (Shin-Yatsushiro – Kagoshima- chuo )

Trains Accomodations Green Ordinary
“NOZOMI” and “MIZUHO” trains on the Tokaido, Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen *1 Green Car X X
Ordinary Car X X
“HIKARI,” “SAKURA,” “KODAMA” and “TSUBAME” trains on the Tokaido, Sanyo and Kyushu Shinkansen and any trains on the Tohoku, Yamagata, Akita, Joetsu and Nagano Shinkansen. GranClass *4 * *
Green Car O*2 *
Ordinary Car O O
Ordinary private Compartment * *
Limited express and ordinary express Green Car O*3 *
Ordinary Car O O
Green private Compartment * *
Ordinary private Compartment * *
Sleeping Car * *
Local and rapid trains Green Car O *
Ordinary Car O O

Remarks:
*1 The JAPAN RAIL PASS is not valid for any seats, reserved (incl. Green Car) or non-reserved, on ”NOZOMI” and “MIZUHO” trains.
*2 There are no Green Cars on most “HIKARI” and “KODAMA” trains on the Sanyo Shinkansen line (Shin-Osaka—Hakata), or on Series 800 trains on the Kyushu Shinkansen line.
*3 If you use a “DX Green” on “Relay TSUBAME” train (operated by JR Kyushu), you must pay the limited express charge in addition to the DX Green charge.
*4 If you use the GranClass car, for both Green Car and Ordinary Cars only the basic fare is covered with your JAPAN RAIL PASS and you must pay the limited express charge and the GranClass car surcharge additionally.
Private Compartments are available on some of “HIKARI” and “KODAMA” trains on the Sanyo Shinkansen. Green Private Compartments are on certain limited express trains, such as “Super-view Odoriko.”
Use of “Home Liner” and other “liner” trains requires an additional charge.

* “HAYABUSA” begins operation on March 5, 2011.
* “MIZUHO” and “SAKURA” begin operation on March 12, 2011.
* GranClass (Facilities) will be connected starting March 5, 2011.

3. Validity period

The validity period of a JAPAN RAIL PASS is the consecutive 7, 14, or 21 days beginning on the date the PASS is first used. Within three months from the date the Exchange Order was issued, you must turn in your Exchange Order to obtain your JAPAN RAIL PASS. At that time, you have to specify the date that you want to start using the PASS. It can be any date within one month from the date the PASS is received. Once the PASS has a starting date written on it, the date cannot be changed.

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